Many residential properties are in locations where a municipal water source is not available. These homes rely on the water produced by private wells instead. If you are planning to construct your new home in an area serviced by wells, you will need to dig a fresh well to meet your family's water needs.
Drilling for water might seem like a straightforward process, but a lot of planning goes into a successful well. Use these tips as you plan for your new water well to ensure the drilling process is as productive as possible.
1. Find the highest point on your property.
Before you can begin drilling your new water well, you must decide where you want the well to be located. The geography of your landscape can influence where your well should be situated. Areas with poor drainage or steep slopes are not suitable for wells.
A water well should never be drilled in low lying areas when it can be avoided. Placing your well on the highest point on your property will help harness the power of gravity to reduce the strain on your well pump, and help to prevent the possibility of contamination from water runoff.
2. Determine your water needs.
The water needs of each household can vary. You must take into consideration the number of people living in your home, the number of plumbing fixtures your new home will have, and any seasonal water needs (like watering the lawn or filling a swimming pool).
You should also factor in water that would be needed to combat a fire should one break out on your property in the future. These cumulative water demands will help you come up with a rough estimate of your family's annual water consumption. You can use this calculation to help determine which well site will produce adequate water over time.
3. Drill a series of test holes.
You should always invest in a series of test holes before making any decisions regarding the final location of your water well. Test holes can help you identify an area where the water table is naturally low or the water quality is lacking.
You can gauge the potential flow rate and the static level of any well that will be drilled using information gathered from test holes. Spending a little extra on several test holes to identify the optimal well site will help you avoid wasting a lot of money drilling an ineffective well.